The Internet of Things or IoT refers to the process of connecting to the Internet, objects that are often used in everyday life such as: medical devices, light bulbs, smart appliances, wearable devices or also traffic lights that are found in smart cities.

How does the IoT work?

The Internet of Things refers to various physical devices receiving and transmitting data via wireless networks, with limited manual intervention. The technology is based on the integration of computer systems with various objects. For example, when you return home from work, a connected thermostat (the adjective "connected" generally refers to the Internet of Things) receives the geographical location data from your connected car and adjusts the temperature inside your house before you arrive. No action is required, the effect is better than manually adjusting the thermostat. Conventional IoT systems, such as those in the connected home mentioned above, work through feedback loops by continuously sending, receiving and analysing data. For further information, please visit: Witekio

The Internet of Things in the enterprise

However, consumers remain wary of the Internet of Things, as their experience of using technologies such as smartwatches is affected by the security and privacy issues inherent in constant connections. Companies need to consider this aspect in any type of IoT project they are considering, especially if the project is aimed at the public. Enterprise IoT solutions can help improve existing business models and establish new connections with customers and partners. However, they also bring some challenges. The amount of data generated by the connected device system can become very large (this is called Big Data integration). Integrating Big Data into existing systems and analysing them can be complicated.

What are connected objects used for?

On a personal level, connected objects provide greater convenience in daily life. They can save time and sometimes even energy. The Internet of Things is used in a variety of industries and is also designed to address several major challenges of today and tomorrow. For example, they offer the possibility to store large amounts of data. Smart cities or smart towns adjust traffic or lighting in real time according to peak hours. This technology helps to solve some of the problems of congestion and light pollution in urban centres and to reduce the carbon footprint. In sectors such as industry and agriculture, the Internet of Things can increase productivity and better comply with applicable regulations.